Antonio Carbonell Trillo was born in Cordoba in 1885, and was a brilliant student on his degree course in Mining in Madrid in 1909.
Even as a young man he showed a great interest in the underground water resources in the province, and drew up several reports on the city of Cordoba?s water supply. Just before the outbreak of the First World War, he produced reports about different mines and drew an extremely useful geological plan of the mines of the province of Cordoba. He finally made his name as a mining engineer, and above all as a geologist, with the publication of his work "La prolongación de la cuenca carbonífera de Belmez" (The Prolongation of the Belmez Coalfield). One year later the Spanish Geological and Mining Institute published his work, "Reseña geológica de la cuenca hullera del Guadalbarto" (Description of the Guadalbarto Coalfield), written together with Lucas Mellada, the most famous Spanish geological engineer of the time. At the age of only 28 he was arguably the most prestigious geologist of his time.
In 1914 and 1915 he published a range of works about coal mining, one of the most important of which was "Enseñanzas de la catástrofe de Cabeza de Vacas" (Lessons from the Cabeza de Vacas Catastrophe), in which he outlines the safety measures to take to prevent explosions of firedamp, the gas that occurs in coal seams.
His scientific output in the year 1916 was plentiful: mining reports about different coalfields, and articles about the water supply to Cordoba, geophysics, hydrogeology, mining statistics, caving, irrigation and other topics.
In 1917 and 1918 several papers were written together with Rafael Castejón y Martínez de Arizala, on the subject of mining education.
From the year 1919 until the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, he was made a registered member of the Royal Academy of Sciences, Fine Arts and Noble Arts of Cordoba; during these years, he published a wide range of papers and articles.
In the final years of his life, Carbonell?s literary output increased dramatically and his scientific work was so productive and relevant that it is difficult to imagine studying the field of geology without taking into account the well-researched, comprehensive work of Antonio Carbonell y Trillo-Figueroa.
He died in the year 1947.